Feb (Weather station: Riga Airport, Latvia). , Foreign investment in Latvia is still modest compared with the levels in north-central Europe. Latvia had its own film industry and musical records factory (LPs). Summers are usually warm and sunny, with cool evenings and nights. There are 2,256 lakes that are bigger than 1 ha (2.5 acres), with a collective area of 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). BK Ventspils, which participates in EuroChallenge, is the second strongest basketball club in Latvia, previously winning LBL eight times and BBL in 2013. , Latvia's unemployment rate rose sharply in this period from a low of 5.4% in November 2007 to over 22%. Latvia's defence concept is based upon the Swedish-Finnish model of a rapid response force composed of a mobilisation base and a small group of career professionals. , Latvia has participated successfully in both Winter and Summer Olympics. , Latvian civilian experts have contributed to EU civilian missions: border assistance mission to Moldova and Ukraine (2005–2009), rule of law missions in Iraq (2006 and 2007) and Kosovo (since 2008), police mission in Afghanistan (since 2007) and monitoring mission in Georgia (since 2008).  Latvia, then a puppet government, was headed by Augusts Kirhenšteins. Current NBA players include Kristaps Porziņģis, who plays for the Dallas Mavericks, Dāvis Bertāns, who plays for the Washington Wizards, and Rodions Kurucs, who plays for the Brooklyn Nets. English is also widely accepted in Latvia in business and tourism.  Transit between Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan as well as other Asian countries and the West is large. Latvia is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE, IMF, and WTO. , German crusaders were sent, or more likely decided to go on their own accord as they were known to do.  CCPR/CO/79/LVA, 1 December 2003, "A new kind of citizenship accepted by EU? , The share of ethnic Latvians had fallen from 77% (1,467,035) in 1935 to 52% (1,387,757) in 1989.  As of 2004 there were more than 600 Latvian neopagans, Dievturi (The Godskeepers), whose religion is based on Latvian mythology. RESIDENT POPULATION ON MARCH 1, 2011 BY ETHNICITY, SEX AND AGE GROUP", "THNICITIES OF RESIDENT POPULATION IN STATISTICAL REGIONS, CITIES UNDER STATE JURISDICTION AND COUNTIES BY LANGUAGE MOSTLY SPOKEN AT HOME; ON 1 MARCH 2011", "Referendum on the Draft Law 'Amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, "Results of the referendum on the Draft Law 'Amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, "Latvia pushes majority language in schools, leaving parents miffed", "Moscow threatens sanctions against Latvia over removal of Russian from secondary schools", "Government okays transition to Latvian as sole language at schools in 2019", "Statistics of approved parishes in Latvia", "Latvia's Healthcare System is Funded by General Taxation and All Latvians and Foreign Residents Are Guaranteed Medical Care | Find Articles at BNET", "Latvia has worst health care system in Europe :: The Baltic Course | Baltic States news & analytics", "Latvian Health Official Resigns Over Cuts", "The basic indicators of health care, at the end of the year", "The Baltic States and their health systems – From Soviet to EU", http://www.imc-cim.org/programmes/imc_diversity_report.pdf, "Typical Latvian Food and Drink Recipes. In 1944, when Soviet military advances reached Latvia, heavy fighting took place in Latvia between German and Soviet troops, which ended in another German defeat.  In the north, Latvia, Finland and Estonia were assigned to the Soviet sphere. The resulting people's assembly immediately requested admission into the USSR, which the Soviet Union granted. Its largest lake, Lubāns, has an area of 80.7 km2 (31.2 sq mi), its deepest lake, Drīdzis, is 65.1 m (214 ft) deep.  Dinamo Riga is the country's strongest hockey club, playing in the Kontinental Hockey League. , Beginning in 2019, instruction in Russian language will be gradually discontinued in private colleges and universities in Latvia, as well as general instruction in Latvian public high schools, except for subjects related to culture and history of the Russian minority, such as Russian language and literature classes.. Innovation and rising productivity led to rapid growth of the economy, but it soon suffered from the effects of the Great Depression. ", "Sabres' Girgensons expands lead as top vote-getter in 2015 NHL All-Star Fan Vote presented by SiriusXM", "Pajon, Strombergs win Olympic BMX Finals", The Shadow in the East: Vladimir Putin and the New Baltic Front, Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic 1944-1991, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Latvia&oldid=994166887, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Members of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, Russian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1918, States and territories established in 1991, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with Latvian-language sources (lv), Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Latvian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2009, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1922 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 12:02. Mires occupy 9.9% of Latvia's territory. Rain may fall as snow in this month. Latvians march to commemorate SS veterans, "Opinion | Latvia opens its KGB archives — while Russia continues to whitewash its past", "Stories of Statelessness: Latvia and Estonia – IBELONG", "Emotion and Blame in Collective Action: Russian Voice in Kyrgyzstan and Latvia", "Land Use/Cover Area frame Survey 2012 Buildings, roads and other artificial areas cover 5% of the EU …and forests 40%", "Gauja National Park travel – Lonely Planet", "2012 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)", "Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012-2018", "Латвийская более или менее официальная символика", Constitution of the Republic of Latvia with amendments and revisions, "Diplomatic and Consular Representations", "A foreign policy based on co-operation and constructive engagement", "Estonian Chairmanship of the Baltic Council of Ministers in 2011", "Co-operation of Baltic and Nordic States", "Nordic-Baltic mobility programme for public administration", "Nordic-Baltic Mobility and Network Programme for Business and Industry", "Nordic Council of Ministers' Office in Latvia", "Nordic Council of Ministers is looking for a Senior Adviser to run the Secretariat of Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture", "Enhanced Partnership in Northern Europe (e-PINE)", "The Economist Intelligence Unit's Index of Democracy 2008", "Statistics of the Human Development Report", Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Latvia. , Latvia has four pronounced seasons of near-equal length. , Early in the morning of 24 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a 10-year non-aggression pact, called the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. , However, the central power in Moscow continued to regard Latvia as a Soviet republic in 1990 and 1991. Population by citizenship and ethnicity at the beginning of the year", "Socialinguistica: language and Religion", "Latvia – Country Profile: Human Development Indicators", "History of Latvia - Lonely Planet Travel Information", "Collector Coin Dedicated to 18th Century Riga", "Cēsis, Battle of | International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1)", Patriots or Nazi collaborators? The only other airport handling regular commercial flights is Liepāja International Airport. , Since the year 2000, Latvia has had one of the highest (GDP) growth rates in Europe.  Latvian and Lithuanian are the only two surviving Baltic languages. Real GDP growth of 5.5 percent in 2011 was underpinned by export growth and a recovery in domestic demand. Latvia is much known for its bathhouse tradition which started its journey in the domain of …  Fighting continued sporadically between Sweden and Poland until the Truce of Altmark in 1629. 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